EMI (English Mediated Instruction) 4- Facilitating discussion

已更新:7月12日

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Example of ineffective discussion facilitation


  • Give no warning

  1. No preparation time for students

  2. No time to synthesize ideas

  3. No time to prepare

  4. No time to build confidence

  • Ask ineffective questions

  1. Ask undirected questions

  2. Ask leading or yes/no question

  3. Ask rhetorical questions

  4. Ask for a pre-determined answer

  • Rush to judge

  1. Pose closed question

  2. Praise or blame too much

  3. Lose neutrality

  4. Rush to conclusion

  • Dominate the discussion

  1. Answer questions yourself

  2. Undermine valid ideas

  3. Use physical authority inappropriately

  4. Use discussion as a personal springboard


Examples of effective discussion facilitation

  • Provide a clear invitation We can use:

  1. Next Tuesday...

  2. The topic is...

  3. The question is...

  4. Our discussion rules...


  • Break the ice We can use:

  1. Hi there

  2. How are you today?

  3. Ready for the class discussion?

  4. Can you help us here?


  • Welcome individuals and make introductions We can use:

  1. Please share with us...

  2. Can you say more about that?

  3. Please join this discussion.

  4. Had an interesting point about


  • Work the room, remain neutral We can use:

  1. Hmm...interesting

  2. Interesting point

  3. Uh-huh


  • Be purposeful and flexible We can use:

  1. This is not a discussion about...

  2. Let's return to...

  3. Let's summarize our discussion so far...


Additional techniques for EMI

  • Encourage the use of notes

You can use any notes you want for the discussion.
  • Use pair sharing

Now in pairs prepare your first point.
Think-pair-share (TPS) is a collaborative learning strategy where students work together to solve a problem or answer a question about an assigned reading. This strategy requires students to (1) think individually about a topic or answer a question; and (2) share ideas with classmates. Discussing with a partner maximizes participation, focuses attention, and engages students in comprehending the reading material. from Reading Rockets
  • Repeat and paraphrase

  1. I heard two points there...

  2. In other words...

  3. Let's review our discussion so far...

  • Build a written record of the discussion

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